Wetlands are areas where the land is covered in water, which may be salty or fresh . Wetlands along the coast can provide a huge amount of protection from the sea during storms [1,2]. A study of 34 major hurricanes in the USA since 1980 showed that loss of 1 hectare of wetland corresponded to an average of US$33,000 extra in cost from storm damage . Wetlands also help purify water, and are home to many animals and plants . Therefore, restoring and preserving wetlands provides many benefits for the money we invest in it, and so is highly cost effective .
In our next post we will look in more depth at how nature can help us adapt to climate change.
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