How do we stop climate change?

We now know that to stop climate change we need to:

1) Reduce emissions [1] using more efficient technology [2] and in some cases consuming less [3]

2) Take CO2 back out of the air [4] using technology [6] and nature [7]

This is called mitigating climate change – it reduces the cause of the problem (greenhouse gases) and so slows climate change down [8].

We need to slow climate change as fast as possible, but can we immediately stop temperatures from rising?

Sadly not [5]. It is almost inevitable that global temperatures will continue to rise to some extent, with increasingly negative effects on people and wildlife [5].

References

[1] https://www.unenvironment.org/explore-topics/climate-change/what-we-do/mitigation Mitigation, UN Environment Programme, retrieved 2019

[2] https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/ipcc_wg3_ar5_full.pdf Climate Change 2014 Mitigation of Climate Change, IPCC 2014. Within report see: SPM.4.1 page 10

[3] https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/ipcc_wg3_ar5_full.pdf Climate Change 2014 Mitigation of Climate Change, IPCC 2014. Within report see: SPM.4.2.1 page 20, “Behaviour, lifestyle and culture…”

[4] https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/chapter/spm/ Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5C, Summary for Policymakers, IPCC 2018. Within report see: C.3

[5] https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/2/2018/07/sr15_headline_statements.pdf Global Warming at 1.5C Headline Statements, IPCC 2018. Within article see: Understanding Global Warming of 1.5C

[6] https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2665702 Techno-Economic Review of Direct Air Capture Systems for Large Scale Mitigation of Atmospheric CO2, Broehm et al. 2015. Within paper see: abstract

[7] https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330691577_Grounding_nature-based_climate_solutions_in_sound_biodiversity_science Grounding nature-based climate solutions in sound biodiversity science, Seddon et al. 2019, Within paper see: A focus on forests

[8] https://www.ipcc-data.org/guidelines/pages/glossary/glossary_lm.html Definition of Terms Used Within the DDC Pages, IPCC retrieved 2020. See: Mitigation (of climate change)

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