There are two main ways of dealing with climate change:
1) “Mitigation” – reducing climate change directly. This involves reducing emission of greenhouse gases, and increasing removal of them from the atmosphere .
2) “Adaptation” – adapting to life in a changing climate. This is about minimising the harm caused by climate change .
Both of these are definitely needed ! However, many scientists say that there has been too little focus on adaptation compared to mitigation [2,6,7]. We cannot just look past the fact that we are already facing negative effects of climate change, and that these will get worse in the future . Because CO2 stays in the atmosphere for many years  just reducing emissions won’t cut it; the negative effects of CO2 that we already emitted will continue for many decades .
Adaptation can be more beneficial than mitigation in the short term . Let’s take the example of climate change making hurricanes more severe . Buildings that are robust enough to survive hurricanes would reduce damage 10-25 times more than ambitious cuts in greenhouse gas emissions . We need to adapt in many areas: agriculture, forestry, water management, healthcare, city planning, transport, tourism, and more .
Over the next few posts we will explore different ways of adapting to climate change.
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